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Facilities and Structures

John Street Roundhouse

The John Street Roundhouse in Toronto, built between 1929 and 1931 by Canadian Pacific, for over 30 years serviced steam locomotives. It was designed by CP’s Chief Engineer J.M.R. Fairbairn and built by Anglin-Norcross Ltd. of Montreal. Following the retirement of steam locomotives in 1960, the roundhouse continued to service CP and Via Rail diesel-electric […]

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Glencoe Station Restoration

The Glencoe Grand Trunk Station closed on October 31, 1993 after 139 years of service. There were concerns dating back to 1978 that the building might be demolished. The Glencoe Historical Society had just formed that year and immediately addressed the issue of the future of the station. Between 1978 and 1993 there were several […]

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The St. Clair Tunnel

The St. Clair Tunnel, linking Sarnia Ontario to Port Huron Michigan, was the world’s first international rail tunnel, as well as the first railway tunnel built under a river in North America. The tunnel is over six thousand feet long, with more than 2300 feet lying under the St. Clair River. The tube is slightly […]

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Banff Springs Hotel

Banff Springs Hotel is a world-renowned luxury resort hotel set in wilderness of Banff National Park, Alberta. The hotel was founded by William Cornelius Van Horne in 1887, as part of a series of magnificent resorts built by Canadian Pacific Railway to promote tourism in the Canadian Rockies. It cost $250,000 – an astronomical amount […]

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MCR’s St. Thomas Shops

The city of St. Thomas, midway between the Detroit and Buffalo in southwestern Ontario, has been a railroad centre of major importance since 1873, when the Canada Southern Railway first made its headquarters there. In 1883, Canada Southern was leased to the Michigan Central Railroad and became a division of that line. Freight and passenger […]

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MCR Cantilever Bridge

The first Michigan Central Railway bridge was built for rail traffic only. Cornelius Vanderbilt owner of the Michigan Central Railway, decided to build a bridge under the Niagara River Bridge Company. This was implemented in order to avoid the high rental prices which the owners of the Lower Arch Bridge were asking for in lieu […]

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Kettle Creek Bridge

The Kettle Creek Bridge, also known as the Michigan Central and Canada Southern Bridge, is located over the Kettle Creek valley. In terms of the railway, it is located at Mi. 116.4 of the CASO Subdivision of the Canadian National Railway at the westerly limits of the City of St. Thomas. In the latter half […]

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Niagara Suspension Bridge

In 1853, the Grand Trunk Railway wanted to build a suspension bridge across the Niagara River. The conception, development and construction of the railway suspension bridge over the Niagara River were by John A. Roebling, who went on to design the Brooklyn Bridge of New York. There are two stone pylons at either end to […]

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The Connaught Tunnel

The Connaught Tunnel was built between 1913 and 1916. At 5.02 miles long, it is the longest tunnel in Canada. It was officially opened on December 16, 1916 and is named for the Duke of Connaught, who was Governor-General of Canada at the time. Prior to construction of the Connaught Tunnel, the Canadian Pacific mainline […]

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Canada Southern Station

The Canada Southern Station, completed in 1873, embodies the contribution the city of St. Thomas made to the railroad industry in North America. During its busiest period, in the 1920s, as many as 2,000 passengers passed by the station per day. The building was constructed between June 1871 and April 1873. Once completed, the Canada […]

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